With the promised delivery date of 5G wireless communication fast approaching, the world is waiting to see if this next-generation network will hit its ambitious goals of 10 Gbps peak data rates, less than 1 ms latency, 10 times greater energy efficiency, and more. In past decades, each generation of mobile systems – from 1G analog systems to 2G digital standards to 3G mobile broadband capabilities to 4G LTE and LTE-Advanced networks – has overcome a unique set of challenges. Leaps in technology are necessary to enable these advancements in performance.
Frequencies in the mmWave spectrum play a key role in 5G communications. RF technology that was developed around existing mmWave applications has evolved to encompass the needs of 5G wireless access. Components for such systems need to be selected for performance and cost – commercial systems are subject to intense price pressure and so both the purchase cost and the implementation cost of a component become important factors in selecting devices for a new design. Another key consideration can be size constraints and the need to preserve valuable board space.
When selecting a filter implementation one factor that is common across all frequencies is optimizing the size of the filter given the application and the required performance.
In an earlier Blog post we discussed the Shannon-Hartley Theorem in the context of 5G mmWave applications:
Fifth Generation (5G) communication systems are being planned to enable a hundred-fold increase in user data-rates – and with this increase comes a need for significant increases in bandwidth over what is currently available.