Today’s RF Power Applications Require Understanding Equivalent Series Resistance & Q Factor

Posted by Steve Hopwood on Jul 8, 2020 6:00:00 AM

As a fundamental component of circuit design, equivalent series resistance (ESR) is the measurement of all the non-ideal electrical resistances in series with a capacitor. When current flows through a multilayer ceramic capacitor (MLCC) due to application of alternating voltage, heat is generated in the MLCC due to the losses, specifically ESR. As a result, this self-heating can cause various performance and reliability issues in the circuits of today’s more complex and smaller electronic systems.

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Topics: Capacitor, MLCC, Multi Layer Ceramic Capacitor

Looking Closer at DC Link Capacitors in Electric Vehicles

Posted by Peter Matthews on Jul 1, 2020 8:30:00 AM

DC link capacitors are commonly used in power converters as an intermediary buffer between an input source to an output load that have different instantaneous power, voltages, and frequencies. In electric vehicle (EV) applications, DC link capacitors help offset the effects of inductance in inverters, motor controllers, and battery systems. They also serve as filters that protect EV subsystems from voltage spikes, surges, and electromagnetic interference (EMI).

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Topics: Capacitor

Frequency Matters: An Interview with Microwave Journal

Posted by Peter Matthews on Jun 24, 2020 8:45:00 AM

Recently, Microwave Journal editors Pat Hindle and Gary Lerude sat down with Knowles Precision Devices product line manager Tim Brauner to discuss how our innovative high-performance components are helping RF engineers improve the size, weight, and performance (SWaP) of mmWave designs.

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Topics: mmWave

Supporting EV Battery Innovation with the Highest Voltage AEC-Q200 MLCCs

Posted by Nan Zhang on Jun 17, 2020 6:00:00 AM

To meet consumer demand for longer driving ranges and faster charging, electric vehicle (EV) manufacturers are redesigning vehicles to move from 400V to 800V battery systems. As a result of using higher operating voltages, EV designers and original equipment manufacturers (OEMs) need components, such as multi-layer ceramic capacitors (MLCCs), that can withstand voltages well beyond those expected under normal operating conditions. For example, a drivetrain running off an 800V battery system may be subjected to a withstand test of up to 4kV DC for 60 seconds, which is a standard safety test in high voltage systems.

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Topics: Capacitor, Multi Layer Ceramic Capacitor

On-Demand Webinar: Building a 28 GHz Small Cell for 5G Applications

Posted by Tim Brauner on Jun 10, 2020 7:45:00 AM

As the demand for more network capacity, improved network performance, and more reliable coverage are all growing, operating in the mmWave spectrum is becoming an increasing more attractive option. To address this demand, the use of 28-GHz small cells, which are compact, lightweight devices mounted on outdoor equipment such as lampposts or telephone poles, is becoming a practical and affordable way to deploy 5G in the mmWave spectrum.

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Topics: mmWave

Trimmer Capacitor Considerations in Practice

Posted by Rich Bestafka on Jun 3, 2020 7:45:00 AM

Trimmer capacitors are variable components used to calibrate RF circuits during manufacturing or servicing. These components allow for variable tuning--think oscillator frequency values or rise and fall times. Should values drift over the life of the device, trimmer capacitors can be recalibrated as needed. For sensitive applications like magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), these components help to optimize performance where any instability in time or temperature could impact the image output.

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Topics: Capacitor

Microstrip Filters Deliver Small Size at High Frequencies

Posted by Peter Matthews on May 27, 2020 9:15:00 AM

When selecting a filter implementation, one factor that is common across all frequencies is optimizing the size of the filter given the application and the required performance. At mmWave frequencies this can be prove to be a particularly interesting problem, given the change in the physical dimensions of the system as one moves from say 600MHz to 38GHz. 

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Topics: Filter, Bandpass, mmWave, Microstrip

Simplifying 5G Radio Design with a New Range of 28 GHz Bandpass Filters

Posted by Tim Brauner on May 20, 2020 7:45:00 AM

As 5G innovation forges on, radio systems continue to emerge. Each system has a range of requirements, including specific RF filter performance needs, and it’s up to the 5G FR2 Ecosystem of suppliers to meet that demand. In response, Knowles Precision Devices (KPD) supports a wide variety of 5G radio applications.

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Topics: Filter, 5G, Bandpass

From the 1920s to the 2020s – Bandwidth Has Always Been King

Posted by Peter Matthews on May 13, 2020 8:00:00 AM

Over time, the telephone replaced the telegraph, and now cellular and voice over Internet protocol (VoIP) technology are replacing the landline. However, as more communication is done wirelessly and over the Internet, we are becoming more interested in increased bandwidth. This is because bandwidth places a limit on how quickly we can send information through a channel such as an optical fiber or a section of the radio spectrum.

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Topics: mmWave

Medical Imaging Quality Starts by Selecting the Right Components

Posted by Peter Matthews on May 6, 2020 9:12:00 AM

Healthcare professionals and patients rely on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) technology to examine soft tissues and organs in the body to detect a variety of issues, from degenerative diseases to tumors, in a non-invasive manner. To do this, the MRI machine uses a strong magnetic field and computer-generated radio waves to produce cross-sectional images. Thus, the quality of the MRI depends on the uniformity of the magnetic field – even the smallest trace of magnetism inside an MRI scanner can disrupt the field and degrade the quality of an MRI image. 

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Topics: Capacitor

Insights Into Precision Passive Devices

Knowles Precision Devices is a premier global source for Capacitors, RF Filters, EMI Filters, Resonators, non-magnetic components and advanced dielectric materials. An umbrella for the brands of Compex, DLI, Johanson MFG, Novacap, Syfer and Voltronics, Knowles Precision Devices serves a variety of markets including military, aerospace/avionics, medical equipment, implantable devices, EMI and connector filtering, oil exploration, instrumentation, industrial electronics, automotive, telecoms and data networks.

This Blog will provide insights into:

  • Filters for 5G and mmWave
  • Capacitors for High Voltage
  • Capacitors for High Reliability

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