RF Filtering Techniques for Millimeter Wave Applications

Posted by Peter Matthews on Sep 29, 2021 8:30:00 AM

The millimeter wave (mmWave) part of the electromagnetic spectrum is at the high end of the microwave region, which spans ~300 MHz to 300 GHz, and is usually taken to mean frequencies from ~30 GHz to 300 GHz and wavelengths in the range of 1mm to 1cm (Table 1). This dramatically increases available bandwidth, thus expanding achievable data rates, which makes these frequencies extremely interesting to teams around the world working on fifth generation (5G) communications.

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Topics: 5G, RF and Microwave

An Innovative Phased Array Filtering Approach

Posted by Greg Alton on Apr 21, 2021 9:00:00 AM

As the RF spectrum becomes more crowded and the number of bandwidth battles grows each year, RF designers are looking for innovative designs that minimize interference while also increasing signal transmission power. Since phased arrays can efficiently maximize gain and signal directivity and minimize interference for both Tx and Rx, adoption of this architecture by RF designers is growing. This means RF designers are also on a quest for phased array filtering options that can help meet the size, weight, and power (SWaP) needs and performance demands required by today’s RF applications. As a result, our engineers have spent a significant amount of time working on an innovative approach that can meet this seemingly impossible combination of requirements.

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Topics: 5G, RF and Microwave, Military and Aerospace, Filtering

Spectral Efficiency and mmWave Bandpass Filter Temperature Stability

Posted by Peter Matthews on Apr 14, 2021 8:00:00 AM

Spectral efficiency, or bandwidth efficiency, tells us about the channel capacity over a 1Hz bandwidth. It is a measure of the efficiency of a physical layer protocol when it comes to utilizing the spectrum available. To understand how spectral efficiency is calculated, it’s first important to understand the Shannon-Hartley Theorem in the context of 5G mmWave applications (which we discussed in an earlier blog post).

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Topics: 5G, RF and Microwave

From the C Band to the V Band: A Year of Big RF Spectrum Changes in the US

Posted by Peter Matthews on Jan 13, 2021 9:00:00 AM

Looking back, 2020 was a year full of big changes regarding how RF spectrum is allocated in the US. Led by the Federal Communications Commission (FCC), multiple portions of the spectrum ranging from the C band to the V band were either opened to new uses and/or auctioned to new users throughout the year. These changes are driving a variety of new opportunities for wireless device manufacturers and broadband and cellular carriers, which is resulting in a range of exciting new challenges for RF technology vendors to help solve. 

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Topics: 5G, News and Events, RF and Microwave

You Have a Filtering Job to Do – We Have the Right Candidate for You

Posted by Dave Thibado on Nov 18, 2020 8:00:00 AM

When designing an RF or microwave application, you will always need some level of filtering to attenuate or remove unwanted signals from the desired channel. Since the end goal of what a filter must accomplish is quite broad, it may seem daunting to know what qualities to look for in a filter to get there.

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Topics: 5G, RF and Microwave, Filtering

Know Today’s RF Filtering Trends to Better Meet the Needs of Tomorrow’s RF Design Jobs

Posted by Peter Matthews on Nov 4, 2020 8:00:00 AM

At any given time, there are a multitude of signals at a variety of frequencies streaming all around us. Each device that relies on receiving the proper RF signals such as televisions, radios, radars, medical devices, and cell phones, requires some level of filtering. While all filters have the same basic job – remove unwanted or out-of-band signals – the specific job requirements of each filter vary depending on the RF architecture used and the needs of the final device.

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Topics: 5G, RF and Microwave, Military and Aerospace

Microwave Journal Releases mmWave RF Components Guide eBook

Posted by Peter Matthews on Oct 5, 2020 9:05:56 AM

Microwave Journal has released an all new mmWave RF Components Guide. This eBook is a collection of seven articles and white papers written to help you make the best component selections when designing your 5G products, several written by engineering experts here at Knowles. Here’s an overview of what’s included in the eBook.

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Topics: 5G, RF and Microwave, Military and Aerospace

5 Ways to Address Common RF Filtering Challenges in mmWave Applications

Posted by Peter Matthews on Sep 16, 2020 8:22:00 AM

As radio architectures evolve, the need for filters is also evolving. At the same time, the industry is working to miniaturizes mmWave devices while continually minimizing costs. This means RF designers need filter solutions that offer a smaller footprint while keeping prices manageable.

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Topics: 5G, RF and Microwave

An Introduction to the 5G Frequency Spectrum

Posted by Peter Matthews on Aug 26, 2020 9:15:00 AM

Planning is in the works for Fifth Generation (5G) communication systems that will enable a hundred-fold increase in user data-rates – and with this increase comes a need for significant increases in bandwidth over what is currently available. Why does bandwidth follow when we ask for an increase in data rates? 

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Topics: 5G, RF and Microwave

Building 5G Small Cells Without Compromising Performance

Posted by Tim Brauner on Aug 5, 2020 8:00:00 AM

Before small cell technology took its place as a central component to realizing the promise of 5G networks, it played an important role in helping to improve the coverage and capacity of 4G. These mini base stations could be installed in discrete locations like on buildings or streetlights and became part of heterogeneous networkstogether with traditional macro base stationsto improve service in high-traffic locations such as sporting events and concert venues. In this pursuit, small cells have proven valuable for extending signal penetration and increasing wireless density and these small, lightweight devices will continue to be a key technology for the data-intensive transition to 5G. 

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Topics: 5G, RF and Microwave, Telecom

Insights Into Precision Passive Devices

Knowles Precision Devices is a premier global source for Capacitors, RF Filters, EMI Filters, Resonators, non-magnetic components and advanced dielectric materials. An umbrella for the brands of Compex, DLI, Johanson MFG, Novacap, Syfer and Voltronics, Knowles Precision Devices serves a variety of markets including military, aerospace/avionics, medical equipment, implantable devices, EMI and connector filtering, oil exploration, instrumentation, industrial electronics, automotive, telecoms and data networks.

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